2010-03-27 8 views

回答

2

您必須使用Imaging API。給這個鏡頭。有很多需要的類型。抱歉的長度。似乎與一些快速測試一起工作。

using System; 
using System.Drawing; 
using System.IO; 
using System.Runtime.InteropServices; 

/// <summary> 
/// This structure contains parameters related to an image. 
/// </summary> 
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] 
internal struct ImageInfo 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    /// <summary> 
    /// A GUID value that identifies the file format for the native image data. This value is an image format identifier. For more information, see Imaging GUIDs. 
    /// </summary> 
    public Guid RawDataFormat; 

    public PixelFormatID PixelFormat; 

    public uint Width; 

    public uint Height; 

    public uint TileWidth; 

    public uint TileHeight; 

    public double Xdpi; 

    public double Ydpi; 

    public SinkFlags Flags; 

    #endregion 
} 

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] 
public struct FILETIME 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    public int dwLowDateTime; 

    public int dwHighDateTime; 

    #endregion 
} 

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] 
internal struct BitmapData 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    public int Width; 

    public int Height; 

    public int Stride; 

    public PixelFormatID PixelFormat; 

    public IntPtr Scan0; 

    public IntPtr Reserved; 

    #endregion 
} 

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)] 
public struct STATSTG 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPWStr)] 
    public string pwcsName; 

    public int type; 

    public long cbSize; 

    public FILETIME mtime; 

    public FILETIME ctime; 

    public FILETIME atime; 

    public int grfMode; 

    public int grfLocksSupported; 

    public Guid clsid; 

    public int grfStateBits; 

    public int reserved; 

    #endregion 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// COM IStream interface 
/// </summary> 
[ComImport] 
[Guid("0000000c-0000-0000-C000-000000000046")] 
[InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)] 
public interface IStream 
{ 
    void Read([Out, MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPArray, SizeParamIndex = 1)] byte[] pv, int cb, IntPtr pcbRead); 

    void Write([MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPArray, SizeParamIndex = 1)] byte[] pv, int cb, IntPtr pcbWritten); 

    void Seek(long dlibMove, int origin, IntPtr plibNewPosition); 

    void SetSize(long libNewSize); 

    void CopyTo(IStream pstm, long cb, IntPtr pcbRead, IntPtr pcbWritten); 

    void Commit(int grfCommitFlags); 

    void Revert(); 

    void LockRegion(long libOffset, long cb, int lockType); 

    void UnlockRegion(long libOffset, long cb, int lockType); 

    void Stat(out STATSTG pstatstg, int grfStatFlag); 

    void Clone(out IStream ppstm); 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
/// </summary> 
[ComImport] 
[Guid("327ABDAA-072B-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E")] 
[InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)] 
[ComVisible(true)] 
internal interface IBitmapImage 
{ 
    uint GetSize(out Size size); 

    uint GetPixelFormatID(out PixelFormatID pixelFormat); 

    uint LockBits(ref RECT rect, uint flags, PixelFormatID pixelFormat, ref BitmapData lockedBitmapData); 

    uint UnlockBits(ref BitmapData lockedBitmapData); 

    uint GetPalette(); // This is a place holder 

    uint SetPalette(); // This is a place holder 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
/// </summary> 
[ComImport] 
[Guid("327ABDA7-072B-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E")] 
[InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)] 
[ComVisible(true)] 
internal interface IImagingFactory 
{ 
    uint CreateImageFromStream(IStream stream, out IImage image); 

    uint CreateImageFromFile(string filename, out IImage image); 

    // We need the MarshalAs attribute here to keep COM interop from sending the buffer down as a Safe Array. 
    // uint CreateImageFromBuffer([MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPArray)] byte[] buffer, uint size, BufferDisposalFlag disposalFlag, out IImage image); 
    uint CreateImageFromBuffer(IntPtr buffer, uint size, BufferDisposalFlag disposalFlag, out IImage image); 

    uint CreateNewBitmap();   // This is a place holder 

    uint CreateBitmapFromImage(IImage image, uint width, uint height, PixelFormatID pixelFormat, InterpolationHint hints, out IBitmapImage bitmap);  // This is a place holder 

    uint CreateBitmapFromBuffer();  // This is a place holder 

    uint CreateImageDecoder();   // This is a place holder 

    uint CreateImageEncoderToStream(); // This is a place holder 

    uint CreateImageEncoderToFile(ref Guid clsid, string filename, out IImageEncoder encoder); 

    uint GetInstalledDecoders([Out] out uint size, [Out] out IntPtr decoders); 

    uint GetInstalledEncoders([Out] out uint size, [Out] out IntPtr ecoders); 

    uint InstallImageCodec();   // This is a place holder 

    uint UninstallImageCodec();  // This is a place holder 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
/// </summary> 
[ComImport] 
[Guid("327ABDAC-072B-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E")] 
[InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)] 
internal interface IImageEncoder 
{ 
    int InitEncoder(IStream stream); 

    int TerminateEncoder(); 

    int GetEncodeSink(); 

    int SetFrameDimension(ref Guid dimensionID); 

    int GetEncoderParameterListSize(out uint size); 

    int GetEncoderParameterList(uint size, out IntPtr @params); 

    int SetEncoderParameters(IntPtr param); 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// This structure defines the coordinates of the upper-left and lower-right corners of a rectangle. 
/// </summary> 
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] 
internal struct RECT 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    public int left; 

    public int top; 

    public int right; 

    public int bottom; 

    #endregion 
} 

// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
internal enum BufferDisposalFlag : int 
{ 
    BufferDisposalFlagNone, 
    BufferDisposalFlagGlobalFree, 
    BufferDisposalFlagCoTaskMemFree, 
    BufferDisposalFlagUnmapView 
} 

// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
internal enum InterpolationHint : int 
{ 
    InterpolationHintDefault, 
    InterpolationHintNearestNeighbor, 
    InterpolationHintBilinear, 
    InterpolationHintAveraging, 
    InterpolationHintBicubic 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// These values are flags used to identify the numerical formats of pixels in images. 
/// </summary> 
[Flags] 
public enum PixelFormatID 
{ 
    PixelFormatIndexed = 0x00010000, 

    PixelFormatGDI = 0x00020000, 

    PixelFormatAlpha = 0x00040000, 

    PixelFormatPAlpha = 0x00080000, 

    PixelFormatExtended = 0x00100000, 

    PixelFormatCanonical = 0x00200000, 

    PixelFormatUndefined = 0, 

    PixelFormat1bppIndexed = (1 | (1 << 8) | PixelFormatIndexed | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat4bppIndexed = (2 | (4 << 8) | PixelFormatIndexed | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat16bppGrayScale = (4 | (16 << 8) | PixelFormatExtended), 

    PixelFormat8bppIndexed = (3 | (8 << 8) | PixelFormatIndexed | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat16bppRGB555 = (5 | (16 << 8) | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat16bppRGB565 = (6 | (16 << 8) | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat16bppARGB1555 = (7 | (16 << 8) | PixelFormatAlpha | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat24bppRGB = (8 | (24 << 8) | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat32bppRGB = (9 | (32 << 8) | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat32bppARGB = (10 | (32 << 8) | PixelFormatAlpha | PixelFormatGDI | PixelFormatCanonical), 

    PixelFormat32bppPARGB = (11 | (32 << 8) | PixelFormatAlpha | PixelFormatPAlpha | PixelFormatGDI), 

    PixelFormat48bppRGB = (12 | (48 << 8) | PixelFormatExtended), 

    PixelFormat64bppARGB = (13 | (64 << 8) | PixelFormatAlpha | PixelFormatCanonical | PixelFormatExtended), 

    PixelFormat64bppPARGB = (14 | (64 << 8) | PixelFormatAlpha | PixelFormatPAlpha | PixelFormatExtended), 

    PixelFormatMax = 15 
} 

[Flags] 
internal enum SinkFlags : uint 
{ 
    // Low-word: shared with ImgFlagx 
    Scalable = 0x0001, 
    HasAlpha = 0x0002, 
    HasTranslucent = 0x0004, 
    PartiallyScalable = 0x0008, 

    ColorSpaceRGB = 0x0010, 
    ColorSpaceCMYK = 0x0020, 
    ColorSpaceGRAY = 0x0040, 
    ColorSpaceYCBCR = 0x0080, 
    ColorSpaceYCCK = 0x0100, 

    // Low-word: image size info 
    HasRealDPI = 0x1000, 
    HasRealPixelSize = 0x2000, 

    // High-word 
    TopDown = 0x00010000, 
    BottomUp = 0x00020000, 
    FullWidth = 0x00040000, 
    Multipass = 0x00080000, 
    Composite = 0x00100000, 
    WantProps = 0x00200000 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// Pulled from imaging.h in the Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PC SDK 
/// </summary> 
[ComImport] 
[Guid("327ABDA9-072B-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E")] 
[InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)] 
[ComVisible(true)] 
internal interface IImage 
{ 
    uint GetPhysicalDimension(out Size size); 

    uint GetImageInfo(ref ImageInfo info); 

    uint SetImageFlags(uint flags); 

    // "Correct" declaration: uint Draw(IntPtr hdc, ref Rectangle dstRect, ref Rectangle srcRect); 
    uint Draw(IntPtr hdc, ref RECT dstRect, IntPtr srcRect); 

    uint PushIntoSink(); // This is a place holder 

    uint GetThumbnail(uint thumbWidth, uint thumbHeight, out IImage thumbImage); 
} 

/// <summary> 
/// Implmentation for the COM IStream interface 
/// </summary> 
public sealed class StreamOnFile : 
    IStream, 
    IDisposable 
{ 
    #region Fields 

    private readonly Stream stream; 
    private readonly string fileName; 

    #endregion 

    #region Constructors 

    /// <summary> 
    ///  Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="StreamOnFile"/> class. 
    /// </summary> 
    /// <param name="fileName">File name to open 
    /// </param> 
    internal StreamOnFile(string fileName) 
    { 
     this.fileName = fileName; 

     // prevent another processes/threads (mainly delete from web) from using this file while Imaging API is trying to access it 
     this.stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.None); 
    } 

    #endregion 

    #region Properties 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Gets the file name 
    /// </summary> 
    public string FileName 
    { 
     get 
     { 
      return this.fileName; 
     } 
    } 

    #endregion 

    #region Methods 

    public void Read(byte[] pv, int cb, IntPtr pcbRead) 
    { 
     int val = this.stream.Read(pv, 0, cb); 
     if (pcbRead != IntPtr.Zero) 
     { 
      Marshal.WriteInt32(pcbRead, val); 
     } 
    } 

    public void Write(byte[] pv, int cb, IntPtr pcbWritten) 
    { 
     this.stream.Write(pv, 0, cb); 
     if (pcbWritten != IntPtr.Zero) 
     { 
      Marshal.WriteInt32(pcbWritten, cb); 
     } 
    } 

    public void Seek(long dlibMove, int origin, IntPtr plibNewPosition) 
    { 
     long val = this.stream.Seek(dlibMove, (SeekOrigin)origin); 
     if (plibNewPosition != IntPtr.Zero) 
     { 
      Marshal.WriteInt64(plibNewPosition, val); 
     } 
    } 

    public void SetSize(long libNewSize) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void CopyTo(IStream pstm, long cb, IntPtr pcbRead, IntPtr pcbWritten) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void Commit(int grfCommitFlags) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void Revert() 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void LockRegion(long libOffset, long cb, int lockType) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void UnlockRegion(long libOffset, long cb, int lockType) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void Stat(out STATSTG pstatstg, int grfStatFlag) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void Clone(out IStream ppstm) 
    { 
     throw new NotImplementedException("The method or operation is not implemented."); 
    } 

    public void Dispose() 
    { 
     if (this.stream != null) 
     { 
      this.stream.Close(); 
     } 
    } 

    #endregion 
} 

public enum ImageType 
{ 
    Undefined, 
    MemoryBMP, 
    BMP, 
    EMF, 
    WMF, 
    JPEG, 
    PNG, 
    GIF, 
    TIFF, 
    EXIF, 
    Icon 
} 

public static class BitmapProperties 
{ 
    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Microsoft Windowsbitmap (BMP) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatBMP = new Guid("B96B3CAB-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Enhanced Metafile (EMF) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatEMF = new Guid("B96B3CAC-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Exif (Exchangeable Image File) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatEXIF = new Guid("B96B3CB2-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatGIF = new Guid("B96B3CB0-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Icon format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatIcon = new Guid("B96B3CB5-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the JPEG format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatJPEG = new Guid("B96B3CAE-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates that the image was constructed from a memory bitmap. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatMemoryBMP = new Guid("B96B3CAB-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Portable Network Graphics (PNG) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatPNG = new Guid("B96B3CAF-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatTIFF = new Guid("B96B3CB1-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates that Windows GDI+ is unable to determine the format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatUndefined = new Guid("B96B3CA9-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Indicates the Windows Metafile Format (WMF) format. 
    /// </summary> 
    private static readonly Guid ImageFormatWMF = new Guid("B96B3CAD-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"); 

    internal const int S_OK = 0; 

    /// <summary> 
    /// Gets the ImageType of the given file 
    /// </summary> 
    /// <param name="fileName">Path of the file to get the info of</param> 
    /// <returns>ImageType of the given file</returns> 
    public static ImageType GetImageType(string fileName) 
    { 
     IImage imagingImage = null; 

     try 
     { 
      if (File.Exists(fileName)) 
      { 
       using (StreamOnFile fileStream = new StreamOnFile(fileName)) 
       { 
        imagingImage = BitmapProperties.GetImage(fileStream); 
        if (imagingImage != null) 
        { 
         ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo(); 
         uint ret = imagingImage.GetImageInfo(ref info); 
         if (ret == BitmapProperties.S_OK) 
         { 
          if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatBMP) 
          { 
           return ImageType.BMP; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatEMF) 
          { 
           return ImageType.EMF; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatEXIF) 
          { 
           return ImageType.EXIF; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatGIF) 
          { 
           return ImageType.GIF; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatIcon) 
          { 
           return ImageType.Icon; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatJPEG) 
          { 
           return ImageType.JPEG; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatMemoryBMP) 
          { 
           return ImageType.MemoryBMP; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatPNG) 
          { 
           return ImageType.PNG; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatTIFF) 
          { 
           return ImageType.TIFF; 
          } 
          else if (info.RawDataFormat == BitmapProperties.ImageFormatWMF) 
          { 
           return ImageType.WMF; 
          } 
         } 
        } 
       } 
      } 

      return ImageType.Undefined; 
     } 
     finally 
     { 
      if (imagingImage != null) 
      { 
       Marshal.ReleaseComObject(imagingImage); 
      } 
     } 
    } 

    private static IImage GetImage(StreamOnFile stream) 
    { 
     IImagingFactory factory = null; 
     try 
     { 
      factory = (IImagingFactory)Activator.CreateInstance(Type.GetTypeFromCLSID(new Guid("327ABDA8-072B-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E"))); 
      if (factory != null) 
      { 
       IImage imagingImage; 
       uint result = factory.CreateImageFromStream(stream, out imagingImage); 
       if (result == BitmapProperties.S_OK) 
       { 
        return imagingImage; 
       } 
      } 
     } 
     catch (COMException) 
     { 
     } 
     catch (IOException) 
     { 
     } 
     finally 
     { 
      if (factory != null) 
      { 
       Marshal.ReleaseComObject(factory); 
      } 
     } 

     return null; 
    } 
} 
+0

非常感謝!我會檢查一下。 – Thyphuong 2010-05-13 07:59:11

+0

不客氣。如果事實證明你能解決這個問題,請將其標記爲答案。謝謝。 – Bryan 2010-05-14 20:22:42

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